Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu lies to the southeast tip of the Indian peninsula. A culturally rich land, Tamil Nadu is home to large ancient temples in granite. Some of them are hewn out of a single rock face. It is also the land of classical dance form, ‘Bharatnatyam’ and has many exponents of classical music,’Carnatic music’. With strong roots in past, the state is also one of the more modern states in India.

By the last centuries Before Christ the region was controlled by three major dynasties - the Cholas in the east, Pandyas in the central area and Cheras in the west. This was also the classical period of Tamil literature - the Sangam Age - that continued for some three centuries after the birth of Christ. The Tamil Sangam is the one major source of knowledge about the administration, art, architecture and economic conditions that existed then.

Held by native dynasties, British, French and Dutch over the centuries, the princely dominions of erstwhile Pallavas, Cholas and parts of Cheras were integrated into the region called Chennai Presidency by the British.. Many Tamils played a significant part in the struggle for Independence. In 1956, the Chennai Presidency was disbanded and Tamil Nadu was established- an autonomous state based on linguistic lines.